Oral cavities can happen at any stage of life for many reasons. If you want to enjoy your teeth long-term, you need to be able to discover tooth decay, remove it, and fill the space immediately. You can never allow a cavity to go untreated because it will cause more severe and costly health complications. If the bacterial infection that causes tooth decay is left untreated, it will continue to eat away your teeth and eventually cause teeth loss.
In some extreme cases, this bacterial infection spreads to other parts of your body and causes a systemic infection. Therefore, you must stop the infection from spreading by filling up the infected tooth with the right dental fillings. The only challenge for people with cavities nowadays is finding the right dental fillings. Originally, dental fillings were exclusively made from a silver blend. But more types of dental filling materials have emerged over time, making it even harder for patients to pick the right one for their cavities. For you to make the right choice, you need to familiarize yourself with the various options available. Here are some of the most common dental fillings available today.
Silver Amalga Fillings
Although these fillings are commonly referred to as silver fillings, they consist of silver, tin, mercury, and copper. The presence of mercury in these fillings has always triggered serious debates in the medical field about their suitability. Furthermore, these fillings are known to contract and expand with the changing temperatures in the mouth, mostly when a person eats something hot or cold. This contraction and expansion can cause tiny cracks in your healthy enamel, leading to further decay and breakage. However, silver amalgam fillings are affordable and are the easiest and fastest to place.
These fillings are synthetic resins designed to match the color of your teeth. They are either stuffed in layers into the affected teeth or pounded outside the affected tooth using a CAD/CAM device. Composite fillings are available in a wide range of colors, strengths, and luminousness. Previously, these fillings were only recommended for front teeth because they were fragile, but today stronger ones have been created to fill the back teeth. Nevertheless, these fillings can be reactive to people who are sensitive to resins.
These are natural-looking dental restorations mainly suitable for cosmetic dental repair. Since porcelain doesn’t conduct heat and cold, these fillings help reduce teeth sensitivity when a person eats something cold or hot. They also endure extreme up and down forces very well, especially if they have the right thickness. However, they need enough space in your tooth to fit in properly. So, sometimes your doctor may be forced to carve the affected tooth to create space for the fillings.